Theoretical Framework Sample

Human Capital Theory

It is one of the fundamental theories for the field of human resource management. The theory presents various benefits of investing in training and development in order to increase the human capital of the individuals. However, the benefits are not limited to the individuals but also include the employer as the potential productivity and human resource pool expands massively. The theory suggests that the employees become more flexible when they acquire more skills and knowledge and this leads to transfers in the positions of employment based on the demand and supply in the market.

Employers cannot afford to train the employees in multiple disciplines as they have to compromise on the corporate productivity. Thus, employers, as well as employees, must evaluate the pros and cons of the training types such as general and specific based on the requirements of the jobs and goals of the organization. In case of training the employee on general skills, it is easier to apply the same knowledge to the other organization. However, this also intensifies the labor market as many people have the same skills and thus competition for corresponding jobs increases.

Social Exchange Theory

The HRM practices influence the employee’s outcomes based on the social exchange concept. According to this concept, social exchange is the process of repaying to the obligations given the contract is unspecified. Thus, under the contract, individuals expect the future repayment in the form of assistance or support when another individual does a favor. The individuals tend to adopt this theory at work with the pattern of reciprocity determining the perceived balance in exchanges over time.

Due to this exchange principle, there can be a loyal and trusting relationship of the norm of reciprocity is satisfied between the employer and employee. Thus, HRM practices can lead to the favorable treatment of the employees as the exchange of which employer gets a positive attitude towards the organization. Thus, perceived training is beneficial for the employees as it increases their commitment towards the organization and they respond with positive and favorable attitude in case of genuine management’s intention and concern for their needs. Thus, employees should have a set of transferable skills through various training and development programs that additionally keep them motivated because of the opportunities that they get after training and development programs in the form of higher employment positions within and outside the organization. Although the norm of reciprocity is accepted widely the perceptions of the employees and employers towards the principle vary considerably.

Makers: Women Who Made America

The maker of my life that has influenced me the most and who also has been highlighted by the documentary ‘Makers: Women Who Make America’s Oprah Winfrey. For continuous twenty-five years, the life of every American household women appears to be inspired by the shining beacon of calmness and hope – Oprah Winfrey. She like Selena Gomez also had a hard upbringing. However, she made the most of the opportunities of life and turned them into as a platform of her career. Her main goal always had been to serve for a cause even more above her life. Read More

The Origins and Trends of Fashion

Fashion initiated when clothes were worn by human beings. Human beings started wearing clothes somewhere between 100000 to 50000 years ago. The term ‘fashion’ originated from the period of 1600-1650 in the clothing of Western Europe. In favor of linen or broad lace collars, the disappearance of the ruff was characterized by this specific clothing of Western Europe. Read More

Low Wage America

The term ‘poverty’ is surrounded by several myths. Amongst them, one is that poor people prefer to live off the government, refuse to work and are lazy. In comparison to wealthier individuals, poor people do not have lower motivation levels or weaker ethics of work, yet still, they often are tagged as ‘lazy.’ Whereas, the fact cited by the US Department of Labor is that at least twenty-seven weeks are spent working full time by ten million of those that lie under the limit of poverty defined by federal and referred to as the ‘working poor.’ Read More

The Mother Nature’s Medicine – Marijuana

The therapeutic uses of marijuana were accepted by medical advocates ages back in 1849. The uses were published in medical journals in both Europe and the United States. Over 17,000 articles were published by 2011. They widely accepted the uses of marijuana for pain, muscle spasms, cachexia, vomiting, and nausea. For numerous ailments, it was also perceived as an effective treatment. Later, it was also used to treat disabilities and several other diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, peripheral neuropathic pain and lower track symptoms of MS. Read More

Providing Free College Education to Prisoners

One of the methods through which security risk can be eliminated in prisons is engaging prisons in education. As for prisoners one of the crucial challenges related to incarceration is monotony due to which frustration is often resulted, eventually increase the risk of injury to other prisoners and the staff. The opportunity of providing educational courses is provided to inmates by most prisons. These involve study release programs, vocational training, special education, college courses, secondary education, and adult education. Read More

Opium Trade

In the 18th and 19th century, a contrivance known as opium trade emerged. Opium developed in India was exported to western countries like Great Britain. It was sold to China in order to purchase their luxury goods like tea, silk, and porcelain due to their huge demand in the West. In the early 7th century, Arab and Turkish traders first introduced opium to China. During the 1st century of the Qing dynasty, there was a rapid increase in the opium importations. In the opium trade, one of the key leading influencers in the 16th century was the European traders. They also were the primary suppliers of the Chinese market. They had their excursions to Asia as they witnessed the potentiality of the opium trade in it. This particular trade was later also joined by the United States. Read More

Rheumatoid Arthritis

The etiology of rheumatoid arthritis comprises of three factors: (a) infection caught through bacterias like androgen and mycoplasma appear to have a low virulence. In periarticular and particular parts of immunocompromised hosts, destruction and inflammation are caused. Also, in the laboratory studying these infections is quite difficult. (b) Few studies have been conducted about the primary androgen created by the human adrenal cortex. This androgen is basically a deficit of DHEA (dehydro-epi-androsterone). (c) For standard immunity, cortisol is essential. Read More

The Pros and Cons of Sex Addiction

A disorder whose consequences occur due to an individual’s engagement within an activity, i.e., shopping, sex or gambling or consumption of a substance, e.g., nicotine, cocaine or alcohol is referred as an addiction. There are various types of addiction. Some of them result as behaviors adopted from the social environment. This essay will critically reflect upon one of the most common addictions: sex. It will discuss its pros and cons, the social humiliations linked with it, viewpoints of media regarding its prevention and treatment and concludes whether it is a good or bad thing. Read More

Dangers of Prescribed Drugs

One of the contemporary diseases is an abuse of prescribed drugs. Prescription medication has been found to be abused by over 6 million individuals in the U.S. However, the method to measure it accurately is still unknown. The amount is not that significant, but the fact that various individuals are suffering from addiction to prescribed medications is. Read More